While initial signs and symptoms associated with a concussion/ traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often obvious and significant, prolonged recovery and impairment may indicate more subtle disruption in neurological subsystems. Early identification can facilitate appropriate interventions to speed recovery and to reduce impairment and disability. In this session, we will review the pathophysiology of concussion, discuss the physical exam to target these various subsystems and illustrate the use of some of the assessment tools and interventions used to assist in the resolution of concussion related disorders.
Define concussion and post-concussion syndrome and the short and long term implications of each.
Describe the evaluation process of the initial and ongoing physical, cognitive and psychological signs and symptoms of concussion.
Identify appropriate treatment options for the various levels and stages of concussion.